Topics, made on the basis of the state order
"Assessment of the structure and dynamics of wood attrition in order to preserve biological diversity in coniferous stands in the Northwest of Russia when carrying out various types of felling"
Draft recommendations for the conservation of biological diversity in coniferous forests of the North-West of Russia when carrying out various types of felling, taking into account the structure and dynamics of wood attrition has been developed. The recommendations are aimed at the forest management and nature protection improvement. They represent the most common proposals permitting to preserve and improve the habitats of animals and plants involved in its development with wood attrition, and provide for the conservation of flora and fauna species diversity in operational forests.
"System improvement of herbicides of different chemical groups and spectrum of activity application when growing breeding and improved pine and spruce seedlings in nurseries"
Draft recommendations of herbicides of different chemical groups and spectrum of activity application when growing breeding and improved pine and spruce seedlings in nurseries improved system has been developed, as well as their combinations in common tank mixtures.
The recommendations are introduced in the Shapkin forest nursery of the State Budget Educational institution Secondary vocational education of the Leningrad region "Lisinsky Forest College" and Tikhvin forest nursery of LOGKU «Lenoblles» on the total area of 4.0 hectares of the first and second year of cultivation crops. In fact, the elements of the system developed in one or another way are used in a wide range of constituent units of the Russian Federation when growing seedlings in open-bed nurseries, as evidenced by publications and appeals addressed to the Institute for recommendations on the use of chemicals.
As a result of the introduction of an improved system of herbicides in forest nurseries open ground at minimal cost in -2 1.5 times increased output of softwood seedlings while improving its quality, with 2.5 times the -3 dropping cost and workload for its cultivation, compared with existing basic technologies using the cultivations and hand pulling.
"To develop technological regulations of modern herbicides application during formation of natural pine and spruce sapling of the local genotype at different stages of their cultivation after clean felling of the forest stand in the taiga zone of Russia"
Technological regulations and the relevant recommendations on the modern herbicides application in association with natural regeneration of pine and spruce and subsequent silvicultural care after self-sowing of these breeds on the fresh clean felling in moss group of forest sites types and a draft of practical guidelines for their application have been developed.
"To develop the recommendations on afforestation in the lands of the forest fund having terminated to be used in agriculture"
The draft of practical recommendations has been prepared, including the recommendations on the choice of: soil cultivation ways for tree species seedlings planting, herbicides applied for grass vegetation suppress when plot preparing for crops and type of plant material planting, taking into account the technology of the area preparation and soil cultivation. The information, reflecting the planting assessment of edatopes, the choice of tillage method for artificial plantings, chemical agents for unwanted vegetation control and crops protection against pests and diseases, ten (six + four) technological charts of forest plantations in the process of afforestation creation is given.
"The study of the genetic stability of the triploid aspen/birch cloned breed through genetic and morphometric methods"
Studies carried out have confirmed the possibility of the microclone propagation techniques to obtain seeds of triploid aspen and birch trees with desired genetic characteristics, despite the minor genetic variation identified. It is recommended that you periodically (1 time in 5 years) check the status of the cloned plants genome. It is also necessary to check the genome conformity of newly received shoot culture in vitro, intended for the production of planting material and maternal plant. Based on the research performed "The recommendations for cloned breed of triploid aspen use" and "The recommendations for cloned breed of birch use" are developed.
"Symbiotic microorganisms application when growing planting material of triploid aspen/birch in vitro"
Recommendations on symbiotic microorganisms application when growing planting material in vitro for each breed separately have been developed. The results obtained can be used in the production of cloned seedlings of particularly valuable forms of these breeds in forest greenhouse and nursery complexes.
"Methodological substantiation for the creation of willow/poplar/triploid aspen/birch plantations with short rotation for biofuel production in the European part of Russia"
Practical guidelines have been developed for willow/poplar/triploid aspen/birch plantations with short rotation for biofuel production in the European part of Russia creation and planting for each breed separately. Practical recommendations can be used for forest plantations creation according to technologies developed as a result of the program BIO-2020 implementation.
"The influence of low temperature storage and cryopreservation for the vitality and germination ability of coniferous species seeds (Siberian larch, Scots pine, Norway spruce)"
Brief production procedure and project of low-temperature storage and cryopreservation of coniferous species breeds method have been developed.
According to the result of the developed technique of low-temperature storage and cryopreservation of coniferous trees seeds implementation, the seeds of coniferous species are stored in the North-West and Central Federal districts.
The expected economic effect includes significant improvements of the seeds storage time and the losses caused by seed production periodicity of main coniferous forest forming species.
"Development of artificial mycorhization of containerized seedlings of pine, spruce and pedunculate oak grown in nutrient substrates, in order to enhance the sustainability of forest crops"
Practical recommendations on artificial mycorhization of containerized seedlings of pine, spruce and pedunculate oak grown in nutrient substrates per each breed separately which can be used in the production of ball-rooted seedling have been developed, as well as on the scheme development of containerized seedlings multirotational growing for the conditions of the North-West European part of Russia.
"Development of new cost-effective technology of fire barriers in the forests creation for localization of high-intensity ground fires"
Experimental sample fire screen for localization of ground fires, for creation of team strips when counterfire conducting, agricultural fires from shifting to fully stocked wood prevention and protection of settlements and facilities against natural fires have been designed, manufactured and tested in different site conditions. Pilot screen sample was tested in 2 regions of the Russian Federation, the results received positive conclusion.
Application of fire screen during ground forest fires suppression has the great development prospects, particularly in the area of forests air protection (in places remote from the economic centers and inaccessible for terrestrial facilities).
The results of the fire barriers application when wildfires in the Mari El Republic, Novgorod district, Krasnodar Krai, Republic of Buryatia extinguishing, as well as tests made in Federal State Financed Establishment “All-Russian Research Institute for Fire Protection of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (FGBU VNIIPO of EMERCOM) showed the relevance of their use for localization of forest ground fires in non-debris-strewn forest sites subject to antipyrene treatment of ground vegetation along the bottom edge of the barrier. In addition, the barrier is suitable for repeated use subject to all technological conditions performance.
"Approbation of new fire extinguishing chemical agents and recommendations on how to use them development"
On the basis of the laboratory tests results, wetting agents Atomic SP-01 and TPM, pills for RLO Liven TC, foam generating agent Fieraks and Ansul SILV-EX are recommended to be used for forestry fire fighting. Recommendations have been developed for the selected fire extinguishing agents application in zones of ground and air forest protection resulted in cost of the forest fires extinguishing reduction due to the new highly effective fire extinguishing agents application.
The recommendations have been delivered to the regional forestry Departments and Federal State-Funded Institution Avialesohrana for implementation in industrial practice during fire hazard period.
"Methodology for estimating reserves of forest combustible materials when conducting the State forest inventory"
Draft method has been developed for forest fuel materials reserves estimation when conducting the State forests inventory.
Data of forest fuel materials reserves on the territory of Russia received during the State forest inventory allows you to assess the possible development of forest fires scenarios, their effects, and allows you to take appropriate preventive measures.
This method has been used in Rosleshoz during the proposals preparation how to improve the method and organization of planning works for the State forest inventory when making revisions of the guidelines of the State forest inventory conducting.
According to the results of the implementation, the increase of the system of governmental forest management effectiveness when the State forest inventory data application is expected.
"The development of the draft guidelines on the forest breeding and seed centers functioning"
For the purpose of the main technological process optimization, the recommendations intended to provide guidance to staff and managers of the breeding and seed centers have been developed, aimed at enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the operating processes organization.
According to the results of implementation, the enterprises increase the efficiency by reducing operating costs, improving output and balanced inventory planning. In addition, the enterprises have the production processes regulation described on the basis of the technology of ball-rooted planting materials cultivation that allows you to increase the productivity of the system. A list of successive operations and functions with specific methodical recommendations availability allowed to reduce significantly the expenses and to duplicate functions that do not add value. Efficiency improvement of the planned work, control strengthening for the enterprise production cost formation was revealed, borders of safety and critical zones of the enterprise main processes functioning were established. Application of the recommendations developed allowed you to determine the presence of negative deviations according to such indicators as: the degree of the planned results achievement with respect to sales volumes in physical terms, the level of producing capacity utilization, the volume of output, the level of profitability of the activities.
Topics, made on the basis of the state contracts
"Development of evaluation system for forest status and forest vegetation adaptation in the context of global climate change"
The projects of the comprehensive method assessment of the forests response to climate change for different forest sites and methods of regional assessment of the forests productivity dynamics in the Russian Federation in connection with global climate change, taking into account the timber condition of the territories, developed on the basis of analysis conducted, allow to study the global climate change effects on forest vegetation of the country regions in the long run, allow us to draw conclusions about the dynamics of productivity and growing stock volume by groups of species, taking into account the timber condition of the territory.
Evaluation of forest productivity dynamics from 1961 to 2011 years, including the timber condition of various regions of the Russian Federation, became the basis for forest vegetation change prognosis on the territory of the Russian Federation, taking into account possible climate change and development of forest management up to 2030 and can be used when implementing the prognosis evaluation of greenhouse gases anthropogenic emissions in forests of Russian Federation in the long run.
Proposals on various forest management scenarios in conditions of climate change for different forest vegetation zones and scientifically based recommendations for their adaptation are the basis of the submission by the Russian Federation of its "expectant nationally defined contributions" to a new global climate agreement for the period after 2020, including analysis of the most vulnerable sectors, investment needs and capacity building, program for adaptation measures in the forestry sector.
"Study of silvicultural and economic efficiency of pedunculate oak seedlings with ball-rooted system cultivation"
Methods for winter storage of oak with ball-rooted system planting material has been developed; seasonal dynamics of the trial plantation growth of oak seedlings with ball-rooted system and bear root system has been studied; the draft feasibility study of the establishment of the forest oak using planting material with ball-rooted system has been developed; the efficiency of oak seedlings with ball-rooted system for conditions of the South taiga subzones of the North-West of Russia has been determined.
Methodical recommendations for oak with a ball-rooted system cultivation for conditions of the South taiga subzones of the North-West of Russia have been prepared.
In addition, for the purpose of research findings implementation in practice, the following works were carried out:
- project documentation for root-balled tree system seeding tray and for pricking cut line has been developed;
- the first sample of the universal planting device "SPbNIILH-PU-01" has been manufactured. After testing, the design was modified. The order on production of the first fifty pilot sets was placed for comprehensive tests in various regions of Russia.
- chemical treatment of Sosnowsky cow-parsnip on municipal territories of some parts of the Leningrad region as well as in the federal highways right of way was successfully conducted. Processing efficiency is not less than 95%;
- methods for winter storage of oak seedlings with ball-rooted system have been developed;
- seasonal dynamics of the trial plantation growth of oak seedlings with ball-rooted system and bear root system has been studied
- draft feasibility study of the establishment of the forest oak using planting material with ball-rooted system has been developed;
- efficiency of oak seedlings with ball-rooted system for conditions of the South taiga subzones of the North-West of Russia has been determined.
- methodical recommendations for oak with a ball-rooted system cultivation for conditions of the South taiga subzones of the North-West of Russia have been prepared.
- developments for creation of specialized videomonitoring complexes of forest fires on the forest fund territory detection have been successfully introduced in Moscow and Tyumen regions.
State registration certificate of computer software for the developed system of early detection and management decisions support during forests protection against fires "Il'M" was received.